In this post, you'll learn how to say you have a cold, the flu and coronavirus, as well as some common symptoms in Brazilian Portuguese.
Let´s start with how to say: I´m not feeling well.
Não estou me sentindo bem. / I'm not feeling well.
To sound more natural let´s shorten the conjugated verb estar here, and just say tô.
Não estou me sentindo bem.
Now let´s see the difference between a cold and the flu.
a simple cold is resfriado (masc. noun).
To say I have a cold.
Estou com resfriado. / I have a cold.
Notice here that we´re not using the Portuguese verb that means to have, instead we´re using the verb estar followed by the preposition com, which literally translating would be something like I am with…
Let´s shorten the conjugated verb estar here with eu, tô:
Tô com resfriado. / I have a cold.
You can also use the adjective resfriado (if you're a man) or resfriada(if you're a woman).
Moving onto gripe (fem. noun) - the illness caused by the influenza vírus, the flu.
To say I have the flu:
Tô com gripe. / I have the flu.
or using the adjective.
So, hopefully you won´t need to say this! But to say I have the coronavírus would be:
Tô com coronavírus. / I have the coronavirus.
Let´s say you´re unsure if you have it or not, you want to say something like I think I have the coronavirus - you´re going to need to use the verb achar, conjugated with eu.
Acho que tô com coronavírus. / I think I have the coronavirus.
Now let´s talk about symptoms:
To say that you have a particular symptom you need to use again the same structure we saw before:
Tô com dor de cabeça. / I have a headache.
Tô com tosse. / I have a cough.
Tô com dor muscular. / I have muscle pain.
Tô com febre. / I have a fever.
Tô com dificuldade pra respirar. / I difficulty breathing.